Exploring the French iconoclast’s arduous path to creating his nine-hour-plus masterpiece, this Academy Award-nominated short film includes previously unseen outtakes, and features the 90-year-old filmmaker’s modern-day reflections on key moments in his life, as well as his hopes for the future.
Written and directed by Adam Benzine, this first major documentary about Lanzmann recounts his journey from the bright-eyed journalist of 1973 to the world-weary auteur of 1985. The film features intense conversations in which he speaks candidly about his life experiences, focusing on the making of his magnum opus, an ordeal that changed him forever. Lanzmann also touches on his teenage years as a French Resistance fighter and his friendships with Jean-Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir, the latter his “best friend” and onetime love interest, who “never let [him] lose hope” while making Shoah.
Following his 1973 directorial debut, Israel, Why, Lanzmann was contacted by Alouph Hareven, the director-general of Israel’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, who commissioned him to make “a film that was the Shoah … seen through Jewish eyes.” Today, he reflects that it was “a decision that meant I would have to give up everything.”
Lanzmann’s insistence on not using archival footage meant he found himself traveling to 14 countries and working as a detective to procure interviews. Facing the challenge of how to get the Holocaust’s perpetrators on film, Lanzmann armed himself with a hidden camera and created a fake organization, for which he claimed to be writing a thesis on the triumphs of German forces.
In 1980, Lanzmann began the five-year process of editing his massive amount of footage. Having promised a two-hour film in two years, “I had to lie to everybody,” he admits.
Eventually released in 1985, Shoah was met with critical acclaim, and Lanzmann was honored with numerous awards. Despite its success, he took a long time to recover. “We lived in a very difficult time,” Lanzmann says. “But at least it was an epic time and there was greatness in this.”
Featuring never-before-seen, digitally remastered archival footage, provided by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum and Israel’s Yad Vashem, Claude Lanzmann: Spectres of the Shoah shines a light on both the challenges inherent in the artistic process, and the trials and traumas posed by one of the darkest periods of mankind’s history.
Claude Lanzmann: Spectres of the Shoah was written, produced and directed by Adam Benzine; co-producer, Kimberley Warner; editor, Tiffany Beaudin; original music by Joel Goodman; executive producer, Nick Fraser.
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